DNA Testing at OFA
OFA frequently gets calls from people who want to get a DNA profile done on a dog for identification purposes, such as when clearing by parentage. Often people don’t understand that the DNA test kits OFA has available to test for genetic disease are not the same as the swabs that are done for identification.
The photo posted today is the DNA profile of a Poodle, done at the American Kennel Club, and identifies this dog’s unique DNA profile. With her DNA profile she can be matched to her sire and dam, as one of their offspring, and also to her own offspring as their dam. This type of DNA profile is done strictly for identity purposes; it will not determine whether or not a dog has genes for any particular disease or disorder, and will not tell you, for instance, what color, size or breed a dog is.
In humans a DNA profile is said to be as unique to individuals as are their fingerprints. The majority of people get their dogs’ DNA profiles done through the American Kennel Club. None of the DNA collected is stored and used for research or for any other purpose.
The DNA test kits offered by OFA, and also by many labs around the country, tests for specific genes that will identify an animal as either clear of a disease (if they do not have any copies of the gene in question) or as a carrier or affected animal.
Later this week we’ll tell you what the OFA-CHIC DNA Databank is and how it differs from all of the above.